"The Black Panther Party (BPP) was founded in Oakland, California, by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale in October 1966. Newton became the party's defense minister, and Seale its chairman. The BPP advocated black self-defense and restructuring American society to make it more politically, economically, and socially equal."
Source: "Black Panther Party." Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition. Ed. Kwame Anthony Appiah, Henry Louis Gates Jr.New York: Oxford UP, 2008. Oxford African American Studies Center.
Read more about it: Oxford African American Studies Center
Photo: Co-founders Huey Newton and Bobby Seale