Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Copy of SSI1-115:Imaging Blackness: Assignment Five: Essay (Scholarly)

Suggested Sources

Western films

Barret, Jenny. "Bucking the Trend: Poitier at the Frontier." European Journal of American Culture, vol. 30, no. 1, Feb. 2011, pp. 5-18.

Hoffman, Donald : "Whose home on the range? Finding room for Native Americans, African Americans, and Latino Americans in the revisionist western." MELUS, 22:2 (Summer 1997), p.45-59

Johnson, Michael. "Cowboys, Cooks, and Comics: African American Characters in Westerns of the 1930S." Quarterly Review of Film & Video, vol. 22, no. 3, July/September 2005, pp. 225-235. Request through interlibrary loan.

Johnson, Michael K., and Halverson, Peter D. Hoo-Doo Cowboys and Bronze Buckaroos : Conceptions of the African American West. University Press of Mississippi, 2014. Note: This is an ebook.

Leyda, Julia. "Black-Audience Westerns and the Politics of Cultural Identification in the 1930S." Cinema Journal, vol. 42, no. 1, Fall 2002, p. 46. 


Crime films

Krämer, Peter. "Black Is in." Iluminace: Race and Genre in Early 1990s American Cinema, vol. 24, no. 3, Aug. 2012, pp. 13-30. 

Pines, J. 1995. "Black Cops & Black Villains in Film and TV Crime Fiction" In Crime and the Media: The Post-Modern Spectacle, edited by David Kidd-Hewitt & Richard Osborne, pp. 67-77. East Have, CT: Pluto Press, 1995.  Request through Summit.

Winokur, Mark. "Marginal Marginalia: The African-American Voice in the Nouvelle Gangster Film." Velvet Light Trap: A Critical Journal of Film & Television, no. 35, Spring 95, pp. 18-32. 



Branson, Allan L. "African American Serial Killers: Over-Represented yet Underacknowledged." Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, vol. 52, no. 1, Feb. 2013, pp. 1-18. Request through interlibrary loan.

Caster, P. 2008. Prisons, race, and masculinity in twentieth-century U.S. literature and film (Black performance and cultural criticism). Columbus: Ohio State University Press. Print Books   PS228.I66 C37 2008  

Rome, D. 2004. Black demons: The media's depiction of the African American male criminal stereotype (Crime, media, and popular culture). Westport, CT.: Praeger. Print Books   P94.5.A37 R66 2004  


Christianity, faith, and religion in films

Hunt, Megan. 2017. "Fictional Others”: Analyzing Hollywood's Relationship with Evangelical Christianity." Journal Of American Studies 51, no. 1: 241-248. 

Neal, Ronald B. "Spike Lee Can Go Straight to Hell!: The Cinematic and Religious Masculinity of Tyler Perry." Black Theology, vol. 14, no. 2, Aug. 2016, pp. 139-151. 

Weisenfeld, Judith. 2007. Hollywood Be Thy Name: African American Religion in American Film. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007. Note: This is an ebook.


Vietnam films

Eberwein, Robert T. The War Film. Rutgers Depth of Field Series. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2005.   PN1995.9.W3 W36 2005  

Luckett, Perry D. "The Black Soldier in Vietnam War Literature and Film." War, Literature, And The Arts 1, no. 2 (1989): 1-27. Print Journals (Basement)


Civil rights in film

Goldner, Ellen J. "Screening Huck Finn in 1993: National Debts, Cultural Amnesia, and the Dismantling of the Civil Rights Agenda." Literature Film Quarterly, vol. 37, no. 1, Jan. 2009, pp. 5-17. 

Hamilton, Emma and Troy Saxby. "''Draggin' the Chain'': Linking Civil Rights and African American Representation in the Defiant Ones and in the Heat of the Night." Black Camera: The New Series, vol. 3, no. 1, Winter 2011, pp. 75-95. 

Hoerl, Kristen. "Burning Mississippi into Memory? Cinematic Amnesia as a Resource for Remembering Civil Rights." Critical Studies In Media Communication 26, no. 1 (March 2009): 54-79. 

Nesteby, J. 1982. Black images in American films, 1896-1954 : The interplay between civil rights and film culture. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America.  Print Books   PN1995.9.N4 N4  

Scott, E. 2015. Cinema Civil Rights : Regulation, Repression, and Race in the Classical Hollywood Era. New Brunswick, New Jersey ; London, [England]: Rutgers University Press. Note: This is an ebook


Families in film

Ordóñez, Maria-Belén. "Too Precious for You." ["Part of special issue: Women Resisting Rape: Feminist Law, Practice, Activism"]. Canadian Woman Studies, vol. 28, no. 1, Fall 2009/Winter 2010, pp. 141-144. 

Lott, Martha. "How Accurate is Selma in Portraying the African American Women Activists of the Civil Rights Movement?" Film Criticism vol. 40, no. 3 2016

Thaggert, Miriam. "Marriage, Moynihan, Mahogany: Success and the Post-Civil Rights Black Female Professional in Film." American Quarterly, vol. 64, no. 4, Dec. 2012, pp. 715-740. 

Reid, Mark A. "Take a Giant Step. A Raisin in the Sun: The U.S. Black Family Film." Jump Cut: A Review of Contemporary Media, vol. 36, May 1991, pp. 81-88.  Request through interlibrary loan


Disney and "The Princess and the Frog"

Foote, Lena. "'I Want to Be a Princess Too': Exploring the Blackout of Disney's Princesses and Controversies Surrounding the Princess and the Frog and Its Effects on African American Girls." Film Matters, vol. 2, no. 3, Fall 2011, pp. 13-22.  Request through interlibrary loan

Samuel, Kameelah Martin. "Disney's Tia Dalma: A Critical Interrogation of an "Imagineered" Priestess." Black Women, Gender & Families, vol. 6, no. 1, Spring2012, pp. 97-122. 

Terry, Esther. "Rural as Racialized Plantation Vs Rural as Modern Reconnection: Blackness and Agency in Disney's Song of the South and the Princess and the Frog." Journal of African American Studies, vol. 14, no. 4, Dec. 2010, pp. 469-481. 


Women's sexuality in film

Jeffries, Devair and Rhonda Jeffries. 2015. "Mentoring and Mothering Black Femininity in the Academy: An Exploration of Body, Voice and Image through Black Female Characters." Western Journal of Black Studies 39 (2): 125-133.

Manatu, N. 2003. African American women and sexuality in the cinema. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. Request through Summit.


Superheroes in film

Bacal, Edward D. "Superheroes: On the Obama-Ization of Will Smith." Cineaction (2009): 50-2.

Gayles, Jonathan. "Black Macho and the Myth of the Superwoman Redux: Masculinity and Misogyny in Blade." Journal of Popular Culture, vol. 45, no. 2, Apr. 2012, pp. 284-300. 



Dunning, Stefanie K. 2009. Queer in Black and White: Interraciality, Same Sex Desire, and Contemporary African American Culture. Indiana University Press. Note: This is an ebook.

Stockton, Kathryn Bond. 2006. Beautiful Bottom, Beautiful Shame: Where "Black" Meets "Queer".  Durham: Duke University Press. Note: This is an ebook.

Keeling, Kara. 2003. ""Ghetto Heaven": Set it Off and the Valorization of Black Lesbian Butch-Femme Sociality." The Black Scholar 33.1: 33-46.

Mask, Mia. 2012. Contemporary Black American Cinema: Race, Gender and Sexuality at the Movies. Hoboken, NJ: Taylor and Francis. Note: This is an ebook.


Bibliography Tips

Bibliographies should include:

Citations that are correctly cited

  • Check accuracy for citations that are automatically generated
  • Film titles should be italicized
  • Journal titles should be italicized.
  • Include article page numbers
  • Include place of publication and publisher for books
  • Organize a bibliography by author's last name, in alphabetical order.
  • Review the library's guide to citations for more information.

Relevant sources that reflect the topic

  • Connect sources to broader themes and ideas in the topic and discuss how they will be used.

Variety of quality sources

  • Primary and scholarly secondary sources
  • Include books in addition to articles
  • Limit the number of websites
  • Limit the use of a single source
  • Do not include book reviews in a bibliography.
  • Only include sources you've read

Search Primo