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GERMAN STUDIES: SUBJECT GUIDE: Writing & Citing

Research starting points for German Studies

Get Help at CWL

The Center for Writing & Learning (CWL), located in Howarth 109, offers students opportunities to get help on all aspects of the writing process.  Services include:

  • Writing Advisors who are selected through a rigorous application process and who are specially trained to help students get started on a paper, organize their thoughts, or improve their editing skills.
  • Peer Tutors in a wide range of subjects who are nominated by professors in their disciplines and who are specially trained to help students individually or in small groups.
  • Language Partners who work with multilingual students to help them navigate the conventions and quirks of academic English writing.
  • Academic Consultants who are specially trained to help students improve their time management skills, organization, study skills, and test-taking strategies.

Sound Writing

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Sound Writing is the official writing handbook on campus, written by student writing advisors and specifically tailored to the needs of Puget Sound students and their faculty.

In addition to supporting the development of successful academic writing skills, Sound Writing also includes sections on research methods, writing in the disciplines, and more.

Sound Writing provides help with three citation styles: MLA, APA, and Chicago (notes & bibliography).

Current Edition: 2020

MLA Style Guide

You should always should check with your professor to make sure which citation style to use. See the Collins Library quick MLA citation guide for commonly used types of sources, or consult the full book.

MLA Style for German

The citation style most commonly used in German Studies is the MLA style. However, you always should check with your professor to make sure which citation style to use.

Although the MLA style works for both English- and German-language materials, there are some specific differences to be aware of:

  • When citing titles, capitalize only the first word and words that normally are capitalized in German:

Ein treuer Diener seines Herrn

Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung

  • When arranging the "Works Cited" list alphabetically by surname, pay close attention to a German surname with an umlaut. Treat the umlauted vowel as if it were followed by an e; thus, Götz would be alphabetized as Goetz and would precede Gott in an alphabetical listing.

Guides for Writing in German

Citing Sources

Citations are key to participating in the scholarly community. They are a way to converse with other scholars, but they also:

  • Give fair credit to others for their ideas, creations, and expressions.
  • Back up claims and statements.
  • Provide a way for an interested reader to learn more.
  • Support academic integrity.

Consult Citation Tools to learn more about different citation styles.  Collins Library also supports two knowledge management tools:  RefWorks and Zotero.

Additional Resources

There are several additional reliable and thorough guides to citation styles available online:

Need Help?

This subject guide highlights only a small portion of the many resources available to you. If you're not finding what you need, don't hesitate to contact Katy!

Katy Curtis, Humanities Librarian
email: kcurtis@pugetsound.edu
Schedule an appointment
tel: (253) 879-3672
office: Collins Library 140

If you can't find Katy, remember there are several ways to get help with your research

For immediate assistance, connect to our 24/7 Ask a Librarian chat service.