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SSI2-139: The Third Wave: Rock After The Beatles: Write & Cite

This library guide is intended as a starting point for the course research paper assignment
Tips, Sources, and Help with Writing and Citing

Citing Sources

Citations are key to participating in the scholarly community. They are a way to converse with other scholars, but they also:

  • Give fair credit to others for their ideas, creations, and expressions.
  • Back up claims and statements.
  • Provide a way for an interested reader to learn more.
  • Support academic integrity.

Consult Citation Tools to learn more about different citation styles.  Collins Library also supports two knowledge management tools:  RefWorks and Zotero.

Citation Guides

The Chicago Manual of Style is most commonly used in music.

The library has two quick guides to the Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition):


Academic Integrity

Start with these sources about academic integrity, but don't hesitate to ask a librarian or your instructor if you have further questions.

Get Help at CWLT

The Center for Writing, Learning and Teaching (CWLT), located in Howarth 109, offers students opportunities to get help on all aspects of the writing process.  Services include:

  • Writing Advisors who are selected through a rigorous application process and who are specially trained to help students get started on a paper, organize their thoughts, or improve their editing skills.
  • Peer Tutors in a wide range of subjects who are nominated by professors in their disciplines and who are specially trained to help students individually or in small groups.
  • Student Accessibilty & Accomodation offers help in arranging accommodations.

Annotated Bibliography: Definition & Purpose

An annotated bibliography is a summary and evaluation of sources used. It may also include works you consulted during the research process but did not use.

Keep in  mind that an abstract is not an annotation. An abstract is a summary of the source.

Why write an annotated bibliography?

  • Keeps track of source materials consulted
  • Lets the reader know what you have found
  • Demonstrates your ability to critically evaluate sources within the context of a topic


Anatomy of an Annotated Bibliography


An Annotated Bibliography consists of these parts:

  • Complete citation
  • Summary
  • Evaluation
  • Reflection

Write the annotation in complete sentences. If you quote text from the source, you must cite it.  The average length of an annotation is about 100-150 words (about 7-10 sentences).

Using Bibliographies as Shortcuts

If you find a relevant source on your topic, look at the bibliography to quickly locate additional reliable sources.

Example from an article published in the journal Popular Music History: