Science writing tends not to directly quote from the literature. Instead, writing in the sciences uses references to support and contextualize clains. References in scientific writing are used to:
-- put the study in context with other work done in the field (e.g., similar work on other organisms or in other habitats)
-- show the accepted use of study methods (e.g., show that other people have used the same methods with success)
-- incorporate ideas generated by other research (e.g., perhaps another researcher encountered something similar in their study and they suggested a possible reason for their results)
Citations are key to participating in the scholarly community. They are a way to converse with other scholars, but they also:
Sound Writing is the official writing handbook on campus, written by student writing advisors and specifically tailored to the needs of Puget Sound students and their faculty.
In addition to supporting the development of successful academic writing skills, Sound Writing also includes sections on research methods, writing in the disciplines, and more.
Sound Writing provides help with three citation styles: MLA, APA, and Chicago (notes & bibliography).
Current Edition: 2020
The Center for Writing & Learning (CWL), located in Howarth 109, offers students opportunities to get help on all aspects of the writing process. Services include: