Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

SSI2-163: Becoming Modern: Paris 1870-1900 : Home

Start Your Research at the Library

The Boulevard Montmartre on a Winter Morning,1897 by Camille Pissarro



Use this guide to get started with your research for

SSI2-163: Becoming Modern: Paris 1870-1900






Camille Pissarro, The Boulevard Montmartre on a Winter Morning,

Types of Sources

In academic research, it's important to be able to distinguish between different types of sources. These differences often are contextual, meaning that a single source might fit in different categories depending on how you are using it and in what academic discipline you are writing.

Primary sources are the raw materials of scholarship.

Secondary sources report on or interpret primary sources.

Tertiary sources synthesize and present overviews of primary and secondary sources.

Scholarly sources present sophisticated, researched arguments using both primary and secondary sources and are written by experts.

Popular sources aim to inform or entertain and are intended for a general, non-specialized audience. In academic writing, popular sources most often are analyzed as primary sources.

The BEAM Framework

BEAM is an acronym intended to help students think about the various ways we might use sources when writing a researched argument. Joseph Bizup, an English professor at Boston University, outlined the framework in a 2008 article. The idea has since been refined and adapted by many others.

Beam Model

Humanities Librarian

Profile Photo
Katy Curtis
Office: Collins Library 140

Peer Research Advising

Fall 2021

Kai Bahls and Maya Horten are your Peer Research Advisors for 2021-22! 

Beginning on September 12, Kai and Maya will be available in Library 146 as follows:

Sundays:  6:00pm  to 9:00pm

Mondays: 6:00pm to 9:00pm

Tuesdays: 6:00pm to 9:00pm

Wednesdays: 6:00pm to 8:00pm

No appointments necessary, just drop by!