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SSI1-177: What is Marriage For?: The Research Process

What kind of resource is it?

Consider the sources below and match them to the correct resource type. How would you categorize what type of source this is? How do you know?


1. Parkin, Katherine. "'Glittering Mockery’': Twentieth-Century Leap Year Marriage ProposalsJournal of Family History 37.1 (2012): 85-104.

Primary: 0 votes (0%)
Secondary: 0 votes (0%)
Tertiary: 0 votes (0%)
Total Votes: 0


2. Reeves, Richard V. "How to Save Marriage in America.The Atlantic. February 13, 2014.

Popular: 0 votes (0%)
Scholarly: 0 votes (0%)
Primary: 0 votes (0%)
Total Votes: 0


"California and Washington Legalize Same-Sex Marriage: February 7 and 13, 2012." Historic Documents of 2012. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2013. Web. 

Primary: 0 votes (0%)
Secondary: 0 votes (0%)
Tertiary: 0 votes (0%)
Total Votes: 0

What is research?

Research, like writing, is an incredibly creative process.  As you encounter and sift through sources, you will find yourself shaping your argument in perhaps unexpected ways.  The ultimate goal of research is not "to find the right answer," but rather, to create a persuasive argument based on your synthesis, analysis, and interpretation of the sources you use.  For this reason, the choices you make about which sources to use as you craft your argument are of the upmost importance.

Types of Sources

In academic research, it's important to be able to distinguish between different types of sources. These differences often are contextual, meaning that a single source might fit in different categories depending on how you are using it and in what academic discipline you are writing.

Primary sources are the raw materials of scholarship.

Secondary sources report on or interpret primary sources.

Tertiary sources synthesize and present overviews of primary and secondary sources.

Scholarly sources present sophisticated, researched arguments using both primary and secondary sources and are written by experts.

Popular sources aim to inform or entertain and are intended for a general, non-specialized audience. In academic writing, popular sources most often are analyzed as primary sources.

The BEAM Framework

Research is connected to your writing. Relevant sources will address your questions and fit your purpose. BEAM is an acronym intended to help students think about the various ways we might use sources when writing a researched argument. Joseph Bizup, an English professor at Boston University, outlined the framework in a 2008 article. The idea has since been refined and adapted by many others.

Beam Model

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Katy Curtis
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Peer Research Advising

Summer 2020

Ilana Dutton '20 and Kate Roscher '20 just graduated and we congratulate them!!!
Check back in late August for information about our new peer research advisors for the 2020-21 academic year, including their hours.
Learn more about Peer Research Advising