In academic research, it's important to be able to distinguish between different types of sources. These differences often are contextual, meaning that a single source might fit in different categories depending on how you are using it and in what academic discipline you are writing.
Primary sources are the raw materials of scholarship.
Secondary sources report on or interpret primary sources.
Tertiary sources synthesize and present overviews of primary and secondary sources.
Scholarly sources present sophisticated, researched arguments using both primary and secondary sources and are written by experts.
Popular sources aim to inform or entertain and are intended for a general, non-specialized audience. In academic writing, popular sources most often are analyzed as primary sources.
Using the BEAM framework, how could this source be used to make a researched argument? Why do you think so? Can you imagine more than one way to use the source?
Merrill, Andrew. "The Life of a Gunshot: Space, Sound and the Political Contours of Acoustic Gunshot Detection." Surveillance & Society, vol. 15, no. 1, 2017, pp. 42-55.
McQuade, Samuel C., III, and Peter Danielson. "Monitoring and Surveillance." Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics, edited by Carl Mitcham, vol. 3, Macmillan Reference USA, 2005, pp. 1228-1232.
Foucault, Michel. "Panopticism." Discipline and Punish: the Birth of the Prison. Translated by Alan Sheridan. First ed., Vintage Books, 1979, pp. 195-230.
"Council Approves Strongest-in-Nation Surveillance Technology Transparency Ordinance." Council Connection, 31 July 2017.
About the Surveillance Ordinance (Seattle.gov)
Research is a creative, nonlinear process. Experienced scholars will tell you that they rarely end up exactly where they thought they would when they first started out! You'll need to give yourself the time to pursue ideas, reconsider ideas in light of new information, and then craft an original, researched argument.
To be successful in college-level research, you will need to make use of the resources and services of the library. Here are a few reasons why: